FRESH – Open smoking booth for air travelers

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However, when smokers wait or transfer at the airport terminal, this habit often causes them inconvenience and troubles. Carrying with their luggage, smokers have to stay in the bleak and depressing airport smoking lounges or booths smelled like stale ashtrays due to the poor air ventilation. Moreover, they feel a lack of dignity staying in these smoking chambers, fish tanks and wire cages when everyone passes looking “sad” to them.

Staying comfortable away from second-hand smoke, non-smokers claim the right to keep their health, just as smokers claim their right to smoke and feel good. Smokers should have a fresh and comfortable space to smoke. They have as much as freedom as non-smokers do.

FRESH is an open smoking booth placed at the airport terminals. It offers a space for air travellers to break and vacuums away old smoke while emits fresh air. The booth appears to be a modern and sleek design with a circular arm stands on the base embedded into the floor. A cylindrical glass ash bin with metal top is placed on the center of the booth floor.

360°Spherical Air Wall

When this system starts, the old smoke is vacuumed by the arm top and base groove area where the low-pressure air is generated . The “air wall”, a transition between the low pressure air generated and relatively high pressure air surrounded, keeps the smoke within it and to be purified. Then, the purified fresh air is sent out to the center of the booth from the lower part of the arm. The smoking space is therefore created by this invisible spherical “air wall” through which the travelers can walk conveniently.

Experience with sense and dignity

  • Firstly, it creates a nice open space for smokers with luggage to walk through conveniently without even notice by themselves.
  • Secondly, it makes people feel that they are smoking in the open public area filled with fresh air. This offers them comfortable and relaxing experience compared with traditional smoking lounges or booths which are rather smelly, depressing and bleak.
  • Thirdly, it breaks the traditional rules of constructing the smoking lounge or booth. Smokers benefit psychologically from this open and sculptural booth design without any feelings of being caged. It offers a dignified solution for the smokers.

The Incheon Eco-City by Foster + Partners

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South Korea recently announced plans to construct a sustainable super-city that stands to eclipse the size of Masdar in the UAE. Designed by Foster + Partners together with PHA and Mobility in Chain, the Incheon mixed-use development will be a model of self-sufficent sustainability and will serve as an epicenter for the development of green technologies just north of Seoul.

Upon completion the Incheon eco-city will comprise a community of 320,000 residents centered around a spine of transportation and green industry. The hope for Incheon is that the area will become a high-tech research and development center for sustainable industries that manufacture photovoltaic panels and wind turbines. True to this ideal, the masterplan incorporates cutting-edge green technologies such as biomass energy generation, hydrogen fuel cells, and hydroponic roofs.

Slated for construction over the next 10-15 years, Foster + Partner’s design for the eco-city will include both high and low-density developments that shoot off from a central transportation spine connecting three main sites. A Light Rapid Transit system will connect a center for Korean economic cooperation in the north of KangHwa with the southern half, combining green technology industry with community, cultural and residential buildings.

Currently the area is predominantly agricultural and supports approximately 35,000 people. Terraced farming will be replaced in part by green roofs, thus minimizing loss of agricultural space. The layout of roads and buildings will follow the natural topography of the land, and buildings will be kept under 50 meters in height. The smaller roads and pedestrian avenues extend from the central transit hubs, creating a tightly-knit community with easy access to transportation.

Grant Brooker, a design director at Foster + Partners, said:

Working at a very strategic level, we saw the masterplan as an opportunity to explore the sustainable potential of this extraordinary island, exploiting its pivotal position close to Seoul and its rugged landscape. We are delighted that the judges share our vision and, along with our collaborators at A+U, PHA and MIC, we hope to develop the project into the next stage.

The 10 World’s Smallest Animals

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1. World’s Smallest Dog: 12.4 cm (4.9-inch) tall

At 1.4 pounds and 4.9 inches tall, Ducky, a yappy short-coat Chihuahua from Charlton (Massachusetts, USA), holds the Guinness World Record for the world’s smallest living dog (by height). Ducky succeeds Danka Kordak of Slovakia, a Chihuahua who measured 5.4 inches tall. The smallest dog ever, according to Guinness, was a dwarf Yorkshire terrier who stood 2.8 inches tall.

2. World’s Smallest Snake: 10.1 cm (4-inch) long

Leptotyphlops carlae is the world’s smallest species of snake, with adults averaging just under four inches in length. Found on the Caribbean island of Barbados, the species –which is as thin as a spaghetti noodle and small enough to rest comfortably on a U.S. quarter– was discovered by Blair Hedges.

3. World’s Smallest Fish: 7.9 mm (0.3-inch) long

On January 2006, the world’s smallest fish was discovered on the Indonesian island of Sumatra: a member of the carp family of fish, the Paedocypris progenetica. It is the world’s smallest vertebrate or backboned animal; only 7.9 mm (0.3 inches) long.

The title, however, is contested by 6.2 mm (0.2 in) long male anglerfish Photocorynus spiniceps (not technically a fish but a sexual parasite) and the 7 mm (0.27 in) long male stout infantfish Schindleria brevipinguis.

4. World’s Smallest Horse: 43.18 cm (17-inch) tall

The little horse was born to Paul and Kay Goessling, who specialize in breeding miniature horses, but even for the breed Thumbelina is particularly small: she is thought to be a dwarf-version of the breed. At just 60 lb and 17-inch tall, the five-year-old Thumbelina is the world’s smallest horse.

5. World’s Smallest Cat: 15.5 cm (6.1-inch) high and 49 cm (19.2-inch) long

Meet Mr. Peebles. He lives in central Illinois, is two years old, weighs about three pounds and is the world’s smallest cat! The cat’s small stature was verified by the Guinness Book of World Records on 2004.

6. World’s Smallest Hamster: 2.5 cm (0.9-inch) tall

Only slightly bigger than a 50p piece, PeeWee is the smallest hamster in the world. Weighing less than an ounce, the golden hamster stopped growing when he was three weeks old – his five brothers and sisters went on to measure between 4in and 5in.

7. World’s Smallest Chameleon: 1.2 cm (0.5-inch) long

The Brookesia Minima is the world’s smallest species of chameleon. This one is just half an inch. Found on the rainforest floor of Nosy Be Island off the north-west coast of Madagascar, females tend to be larger than males.

8. World’s Smallest Lizard: 16 mm (0.6-inch) long

So small it can curl up on a dime or stretch out on a quarter, a typical adult of the species, whose scientific name is Sphaerodactylus ariasae is only about 16 millimeters long, or about three quarters of an inch, from the tip of the snout to the base of the tail. It shares the title of “smallest” with another lizard species named Sphaerodactylus parthenopion, discovered in 1965 in the British Virgin Islands.

9. World’s Smallest Cattle: 81 cm (31-inch) height

The world’s smallest cattle is a rare breed of an Indian zebu called the Vechur cow. The average height of this breed of cattle is 31 to 35 inches (81 to 91 cm). The photo above shows a 16 year old Vechur cattle as compared to a 6 year old HF cross-breed cow.

10. World’s Smallest Seahorse: 16 mm (0.6-inch) long

The creature, known as Hippocampus denise, is typically just 16 millimetres long – smaller than most fingernails. Some were found to be just 13 mm long. H. denise lives in the tropical waters of the western Pacific Ocean, between 13 and 90 metres beneath the surface.

Hormone Replacement Therapy

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Hormone replacement therapy or HRT is used to supplement the body with either estrogen alone or a combination of both estrogen and progesterone. This is normally done during and after menopause. The ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone and when this production is no longer adequate, HRT can be used to supplement the body with the two hormones. Estrogen and progesterone are important because they help to thicken the lining of the uterus in preparation for possible implantation of a fertilized egg.

Estrogen plays an important role on how the body uses calcium. Calcium is crucial for building bones and also helps to maintain healthy levels of cholesterol in the blood. This hormone also helps to keep the vagina healthy. As you approach menopause, your ovaries reduce the production of both estrogen and progesterone. This reduction can lead to menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness as well as medical conditions such as osteoporosis.

Hormone replacement therapy replenishes levels of estrogen and progesterone and this helps to relieve some of the symptoms of menopause. Progesterone is taken along with estrogen in women who still have a uterus. If your uterus has not been removed and you take estrogen without progesterone, it can increase the risk of developing endometrial cancer. Progesterone reduces the risk of developing endometrial cancer.

Human Growth Hormone Online is indispensible if you want to stay young.

There are two main types of HRT. In estrogen therapy, estrogen is taken alone. Usually doctors recommend a low dose of estrogen to be taken as a pill every day. This type of therapy can help to relieve menopausal symptoms as well as prevent osteoporosis. Combination therapy combines doses of estrogen and progesterone.

Artificial Islands in Sochi

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When you first see these fantastic drafts, your eyes go wondering over the pics, looking for the name of the Arab Emirate where these building are going to be erected. But this time it is not about rich eastern countries, the sketches present us what Russian Sochi will see in just a couple of years. Artificial islands and high buildings on piles, up above the watery waste will emerge in the Black sea in just a few years. Each of the projects – Pier-Hotel, Catamaran, Sea-Star, Olympic Island and Southern Outpost – has its own proportions and level of detail. The upcoming Olympic Games want Russian architects make the best of what they can.

The basis of the building will be constructed the way they do with sea oil platforms, the foundations will be supported by light but firm piles used in building high constructions on the shores. The authors of the project, “A.Asadov architectural studio”, think that the nature beauty of the resort will be completely kept as it is even with all these new structures. The architectures are going to apply eco-technologies and use alternative energy sources while implementing the plan.

They assure that the Pier-Hotel, being the most realistic concept, will have additional floors, the hotel’s roof will be turned into a public space, which will be extended with the coastal park.

The Catamaran will be constructed in front of the city centre, it cannot be put up downtown just because there is already no free space left. The breakwaters will be prolonged with two hotel blocks with artificial landscapes on the roofs.

Between the buildings they are going to create “man-made land” for new hotels to be build right here.

The Sea-Star is an autonomous island, which will be connected with the main land by a “stem” – this will be a “navel string”, along which people and autos will go to the Star and be able to get back. Five hotel towers form the island’s silhouette and its inner space. Between them the architects want to have green petals, which are designed to represent the oasis.

The Olympic island is the biggest and the most symbolic part of the project. Near the coastline they are going to root five circle-shaped platforms, which will be tied to one another and to the mainland as well with pedestrian overpasses and highway bridges.

Following the Olympic symbolism, the platforms will represent five continents – Europe, Asia, America, Africa and Australia, each circle has a tower of an Olympic color in the center.

We hope the project will be carried out just right and tourists won’t have to see another boring thing as it very often happens in Russia. Exciting prospects, poor implementation.

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